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This page is primarily intended for Mercurial's developers.
A plan for light weight branching/categorization what would work with other Mercurial principle and actual DVCS idea.
Still a very early prototype stage.
Mercurial have been struggling for year to define a nice way to handle 'topic' branch (also called 'feature' branch) especially when it come to exchange them with other people (eg: for pull request).
The main challenges to get such feature right are:
- Life cycle:
- grouping/naming the topic branch is usually only relevant while working to get the feature done. We need a natural/efficient way for the topic to fade away when feature are complete.
- Distributed system:
- Mercurial let arbitrary number of changesets to interact with each other the way they want, include pulling changesets through a chain or repository. A good solution for topic branch should work well in such distributed environment. So topic information must be exchanged at the same time as the commit they are attached to.
- People make changes with the goal to get them integrated into a main line of development (default, stable, version 4.2, stagging, etc). This "target" should be the default destination for merge, rebase, update (and any other command it make sense?). This aspect can probably use (or maybe need) integration with the life cycle.
- Clearly defined set of changes:
- A topic is usually composed of multiple changesets, being able to easily define what is in the set is important for commands that handle topic as a whole (eg histedit, prev, next) and probably a very important point to design UI around evolve. Having a defined set of changesets is also needed when only part of the topic is exchanged (pushed or pulled). Topic cannot cannot just be defined from topological branch because rebasing a topic on the main branch makes such topological branch disappear (and also, topic may be multi headed or some topic share some common part of a branch).
- Anonymous branching:
- Anonymous branch (and others graph property) is a useful feature of mercurial that adds flexibility and improve productivity. We should keep this strength.
Assign topics to non-public changesets. A topic is like a named branch, in that it is a label on a changeset (the initial prototype even stores the topic in the extra area in the changeset), but that topics just disappear when the change moves to public phase.
1. What Topic solves
Bookmarks are a clone of git's refs, which seems to work more poorly in Mercurial than they do in Git, in part because the synchronization parts of bookmarks aren't really done. Adding the remaining functionality to bookmarks has been challenging, and seems to be adding a lot of conceptual complexity around configuration of the synchronization mechanism that AugieFackler finds frustrating.
The current implementation also makes it possible to say "what patches did I do while working on topic issue1234", which might be nice.
2. What Topic may solve
(Use case that exists but it is not clear if Topic should try to solve them)
3. What Topic do not solve
(Use case we know belong to other feature)
- Right now we use changeset extra for storing the topic. That might lead to bonus divergence problems.
- Should changesets be allowed multiple topics?
- How permissive should we be on topic names?